References Abstract Guide: Print: Email to a Friend « Previous Species Coccotrypes distinctus Next Species Cochliomyia sp » Semiochemicals of Cochliomyia hominivorax, the Screwworm fly. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998 [ed. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. Google. Les femelles ne pondent pas sur des cadavres, mais sur des individus vivants, au niveau des plaies ou des orifices naturels. World Animal Review, No. Parasit, 27(4):539-551 pp. Mature first instar larvae are approximately 3.6 mm and 0.57 mm, length and diameter, respectively, and are whitish in colour. C. hominivorax is known as the primary screwworm because its larvae produce myiasis and feed on living tissue. World Animal Review. The common duct in all the studied species is inserted into the bursa. There are no data to suggest that natural enemies are important to the population dynamics of C. hominivorax. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) is endemic to the Western Hemisphere, with the … Cochliomyia hominivorax (Fig. 1985; Mullen and Durden 2009; CABI 2016). Cochliomyia macellaria. Center for Food Security and Public Health. [ed. Williams D L, Gartman S C, Hourrigan L, 1977. Page updated: January 18, 2019. The primary screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax(Coquerel) (Figure 1), also known as the New World screwworm, occurred in several areas of the southern United States before eradication efforts began in the 1950s (Krafsur et al. Overview of the sterile insect technique in screw-worm fly eradication. The New World screwworm1 (NWS), Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), and the Old World screwworm1 (OWS), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, are both obligate parasites of mammals, including humans, during their larval stages. Screw-worm Survey in western United States, 1949. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia. 52 pp. EPPO Code: COCLHO. Wyss JH, 2000. Screwworm. Studies on the Higher Diptera of 134 Medical and Veterinary Importance. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. 13 (2), 1400-1414. http://apps.unicordoba.edu.co/revistas/revistamvz/mvz-132/v13n2a16.pdf. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998. 66-76 pp. Cochliomyia hominivorax. Development of a new wound-treatment as coumaphos is no longer being produced. Grant GH, Snow JW, Teran MV, 2000. Fast Facts: Screwworm (PDF | 95 KB). Figure. Lingonathus vituli. screwworm, New World screwworm. Wyss J H, 2000. 5b) has three spermath-ecae, 0.136 x 0.261 mm in length, reniform in shape, with a smooth surface and brown color. The epithet derives from words that loosely translate to "inclined to devour man". Iowa State University. United States Department of Agriculture, 500. Cochliomyia hominivorax common name. The taxonomy and nomenclature of this species was very confused for over 100 years. (Problemática del gusano barrenador del Ganado, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) en Colombia.). 1992. Larvae: First instar larvae are approximately 1.2 mm and 0.23 mm, length and diameter, respectively, at hatching and are clear with internal structures visible. Cochliomyia americana sp. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Thomas DB, Mangan RL, 1989. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Journal of Economic Entomology, 56:473-475. The New World screw-worm as a pest in the Caribbean and plans for its eradication from Jamaica and the other infested Caribbean islands. Both species are in the subfamily Chrysomyinae of the family Calliphoridae of the order Diptera (true flies). Populations are aggregated yet mobile within favourable habitats. Cochliomyia is commonly referred to as the New World screwworm flies, as distinct from Old World screwworm flies. Colour is variable, ranging from metallic light to dark green, light grayish-blue through sky-blue to dark blue (J Welch, personal observation). Reportable, eat live tissue. Coquerel C, 1858. Cochliomyia hominivorax. Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Cochliomyia is a genus of just 4 species of the New World tropics and sub-tropics where it largely replaces the Calliphora and Lucilia of the temperate zone.It includes the New World screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax, two little known species, C. minima and C. aldrichi, and the secondary screwworm fly C. macellaria. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Cochliomyia americana Cushing and Patton, 1933 : Lucilia hominivorax Coquerel, 1858 : Common Name(s): screw worm : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: unverified Cochliomyia hominivorax (Fig. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (ITIS; name is valid but unverified) The eggs hatch within 24 hours and the larvae feed on living tissue. Cochliomyia hominivorax est une « mouche à viande » parasite obligatoire des mammifères et plus rarement des oiseaux. The Oestridae family contains about 150 sepcies, all of which are obligate parasites. Mature second instar larvae are approximately 6.3 mm to 7.4 mm and 1.5 mm, length and diameter, respectively, and are whitish to cream coloured. Blowflies importance. Archives Genérales Médecines, 5:513-528. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Screwworm. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). SUNUP TV. send larvae from wounds to state diagnostic laboratory. The problem of screwworm, Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco-Paredes C, 2006. These flies require a living host for completion of larval development. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Etymologia: Cochliomyia hominivorax. Authority. release of sterile male flies. Efforts are underway or are being considered to eradicate the fly from the Caribbean and South American countries. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 87-93. Parker FD, Welch JB, 1992. Infection with larvae of the blow fly Cochliomyia hominivorax (Callitroga americanum), a common cause of disease in livestock in the southern and southwestern U.S.A. - screw worm infection - Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998. Four species are in this genus: C. macellaria, C. hominivorax, C. aldrichi, and C. minima. FAO, 1992. Krafsur ES, Whitten CJ, Novy JE, 1987. Subduing the screwworm. Those humans who cannot take care of themselves are especially vulnerable. Although the young, old, and mentally challenged are more susceptible to myiasis, all humans are potential hosts. hairy flies. Journal of Arachnology, 21(1):23-28. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) is endemic to the Western Hemisphere, with the exception of Chile., although it has been eradicated from significant parts of its range. Calliphora hominivorax. Ann. This species is also present in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. Haematopinus eurysternus. Sa répartition est strictement restreinte au Nouveau Monde. Page reviewed: January 18, 2019. Liste des genres et espèces myiasigènes World Animal Health Information Database. Forero B E, Cortés V J, Villamil J L, 2008. World: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health), 12, rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, France, http://www.oie.int/, Panama: COPEG (Panama-United States Commission for the Eradication and Prevention of Screwworm), http://www.copeg.org/, Austria: IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, http://www.iaea.org/, Italy: FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, http://www.fao.org/, USA: USDA-APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service), US Department of Agriculture 1400, Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20250, Washington, DC, USA, http://www.aphis.usda.gov/, John B. Welch, USDA-APHIS-IS, USDA-ARS-SPARC, 2881 F&B Road, College Station, Texas, USA. Authority: (Coquerel) Other scientific names. Screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax Coquerel (Diptera: Calliphoridae), cause myiasis in cattle, wildlife and humans. Animal Health Branch. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Compendium record. 2006. Cushing and Patton (1933) documented the difference between Cochliomyia americana C & P and Cochliomyia macellaria Fabricius, which served as a key basis in the eradication of Cochliomyia hominivorax from North America, Central America and parts of the Caribbean. Early in October 2016, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) was faced once again with New World screwworm, which had been eradicated from the United States more than three decades ago. 87-93. Phylum: Arthropoda: Subphylum: … Adults:Laake (1936) reported that flies are generally deep metallic greenish-blue in colour. Other insects, birds, frogs, lizards and spiders feed on adult C. hominivorax.Welch (1993) describes the predation of ground-released sterile C. hominivorax flies by spiders. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Page created: January 18, 2019. B., 2018. (Problemática del gusano barrenador del Ganado, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) en Colombia.) Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. rotting wool in sheep. Technical Bulletin. 1. Originally introduced in 1930s; eradicated by 1959; outbreak in 2016 eradicated in 2017, Eradicated 2004; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2011; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2001; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Introduced due to irradiator malfunction; eradicated 2003; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2012; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2009; C Duerr, COPEG, unpublished data, General Signs / Cyanosis, blue skin or membranes, General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration, General Signs / Swelling mass penis, prepuce, testes, scrotum, Nervous Signs / Dullness, depression, lethargy, depressed, lethargic, listless, Reproductive Signs / Paraphimosis or priapism, inability to retract penis, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Alopecia, thinning, shedding, easily epilated, loss of, hair, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Foul odor skin, smell, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Parasite visible, skin, hair, feathers, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin erythema, inflammation, redness, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin necrosis, sloughing, gangrene, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin ulcer, erosion, excoriation, Urinary Signs / Dysuria, difficult urination, stranguria, Average temp. Five species are found within the genus Cochliomyia, including C. hominivorax. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Trop. OIE, 2009. nov., the Screw-worm Fly of the New World. Larvae feeding on the skin and underlying tissues 192 pp. Dear (1985) presents an explanation of the taxonomy and nomenclature of C. hominivorax and other members of the Chrysomyini. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Life cycle of a fly. Common Names A-Z All Families All Common Names Plant Taxa Semiochemicals Floral Compounds Semiochemical Detail Semiochemicals & Taxa Synthesis Control Invasive spp. Rome, Italy: FAO, 192 pp. Wyss (2000) reported substantial annual economic benefits to producers (US$ with conversion to 2015 US$ in parentheses) after eradication of C. hominivorax; $896.1 million ($1.25 billion) for the United States of America, $328.6 ($458.5) million for Mexico, and $87.8 ($122.5) million for all of the Central America countries combined. Cochliomyia. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. The problem of screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858), in Colombia. Most of the obligate parasites come from the families Oestridae, Calliphoridae, or Sarcophagidae. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. Third instar larvae of Cochliomyia hominivorax. Med. Northern and southern limits of its range are primarily due to cold weather. OIE Handistatus, 2002. Expanding the analysis of the economic impact of eradicating C. hominivorax from Central America by adding linkages to the economy and consumer benefits resulted in an estimated total annual economic impact of $704.3 ($982.6) million to consumers (Wyss, 2000). As a result, no natural enemies specific for C. hominivorax have been identified. C. hominivorax is known as the primary screwworm because its larvae produce myiasis and feed on living tissue. Baumhover AH, 1997. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(5):1740-1753. The New World screwworm (NWS), Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), has existed on the American continent (see Figure 1) from ancient times, and its name is found in all the principal indigenous dialects. Oviposition and wound-visiting behavior of the screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Monitoring adult populations of the screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) with feeding stations baited with liver. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. 2012. by Tan, K. -H.]. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Website of the World Organisation for Animal Health (formerly Office International des Epizooties). Current status of the New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax in Venezuela. Screwworm eradication in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Cochliomyia hominivorax est une « mouche à viande » parasite obligatoire des mammifères et plus rarement des oiseaux. Thomas DB, Mangan RL, 1989.