A plant may produce only the sterile flowers in a large, round cluster. Guelder Rose or Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum oplus, V. trilobum or V. edule) Highbush cranberry is a great name for these edible viburnum fruits. opulus), a European look-alike that is planted as an ornamental; in Minnesota it's found primarily around cities, where it has escaped cultivation. Like birds and buckthorn, I suppose. Guelder rose is a flowering deciduous tree that goes by many names, including highbush cranberry, rose elder, snowball tree and crampbark. The Guelder Rose Tree is a vigorous shrub like tree with balls of creamy white lacy flowers in late spring and early summer. Guelder rose viburnum This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. New twigs are mostly hairless, green to reddish with raised lenticels (pores), turning reddish then grayish brown. see more; Family Adoxaceae . On the top they are smooth and hairy below, similar in appearance to the field maple leaf. As part of a hedge, as a standalone or in shrub beds, its growing and maintenance is simple. A 32-page PDF notebook covering the food, medicine and folklore. The name guelder rose originates in the Gelderland province of the Netherlands, where a popular cultivar was supposedly developed. The native is more likely to have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface but this is also variable. The North American plants have generally been recognized as the same species as the closely similar native of Europe, northern Africa, and northern Asia Guelder rose Guelder rose (Viburnum opulus) is common throughout the British Isles preferring heavy soil; it’s scarce where we are but there are the odd one or two about. Several years ago I bought a bundle of highbush cranberries from the conservation service which I think may be the Guelder Rose variety. The flowers are white and appear in May and June. I would expect a restoration to eliminate non-natives, especially anything (potentially) invasive. Buy Viburnum opulus plants for quick UK delivery. These bright red berries can be collected throughout October. Your email address: (required) 500g fresh guelder rose berries (Viburnum opulus) 400g black raisins; 1 litre of cold water; raw cider vinegar; Instructions. Guelder Rose Viburnum opulus L. Common Names: Guelder rose; cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberry, European cranberry, cramp bark, snowball tree, red elder, rose elder Native Origin: It is native to the woodlands of the European deciduous forest, north Asia and north Africa. In the autumn, the leaves take on a beautiful wine-red colour. There are several cultivated varieties, including the well-known Snowball Shrub (or Tree), ‘Roseum’ (or ‘Sterile’), which gets its name from the snowball-shaped clusters of sterile flowers; it appears to have originated in the Dutch province of Gelderland, the derivation of its other common name, “Guelder Rose.”. I was very excited to see the high-bush cranberry around a pond on my land in Kilkenny, but, oh, so disappointed to discover it is actually Guelder-rose. Each leaf has 3-5 lobes. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. New shoots appear in May. In the UK the species is widely distributed but grows most commonly in the southern half of England. Your Name: Suitable for garden, hedging and woodland. This deciduous, perennial shrub is native to Europe, North Africa and Northern Asia. © Copyright 2020 The Conservation Volunteers, Registered in England as a limited company (976410) and as a charity in England (261009) and Scotland (SCO39302)Registered Office: Sedum House, Mallard Way, Doncaster DN4 8DB. Leaf stalks are up to about 1 inch long, smooth or with a few hairs near the blade, and a narrow groove along its length. Many parts of the plant are inedible or poisonous, especially the leaves and the bark. It is classified in the subsection Opulus which usually contains 5 species. Viburnum opulus. The Guelder rose is another stunning member of the beautiful honeysuckle family. Guelder-Rose is one of the many names of this shrub filling every garden and balcony with a wonderful flowerage. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Leaves are simple and opposite, the blade up to 4½ inches long and nearly as wide, slightly rounded to straight across at the base, with 3 lobes each tapering to a pointed tip and can resemble a maple leaf. When foraging, watch out for Guelder rose (V. opulus var. Common name(s): Guelder Rose Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Adoxaceae Origin: Europe to Asia More infos: the big white outer flowers are sterile. May 16, 2016 - Guelder Rose (viburnum opulus): This appears to be the Guelder Rose shrub. Photo Carl Farmer 14 Jun 2003 Knoydart Inflorescence c 6.5 cm across at widest: Occasional in scrub, especially on limestone . Guelder Rose. Upper surface is dark green and smooth, the lower surface is paler with fine hairs especially along the veins. At the tip where the stalk meets the blade are 2 to 8 small glands, oval-elliptic in shape, concave at the tip with a distinct rim around the edge. The Guelder-rose is a small tree of woodland edges, hedgerows, grassland scrub, fens and riversides, and is frequently planted along roadsides or in gardens and parks. Add raisins and water and bring to a boil. Guelder rose belongs to the same family as the elder. These hedges can be planted in isolation, or alternatively mixed with other hedge species to create a diverse, eye-pleasing, mixed country hedge all year round. Its berries should be picked after the first frost because then they do… Follow us on. The leaves have convex glands very much like the ones in your photo. americanum a.k.a. Deciduous shrub, 10-12 ft (3-3.7 m); dense mound, upright, spreading, arching branches. The fruits are a bright, shiny red and about the size of a pea. guelder rose, guelder-rose: dead: branch (10-5) immersed, 5 to 8 in a ring perithecium is saprobic on dead branch: leaf (young) (live, curled) live, curled leaf (young) is galled by: Aphis viburni: a viburnum aphid: Hemiptera: Aphididae: Pests, Diseases & Disorders of … Guelder Rose plants for sale. k60530374 Fotosearch Stock Fotografie helpt u bij het snelle vinden van de perfecte foto! Leaves opposite, 5-10 cm long, as wide or wider, pointed lobes (maple-like), glossy dark green in summer, may turn reddish in fall, a few disk-like glands on grooved petiole. It is typically found on river banks and in damp, shady deciduous woodland, often associating with Alder, Alnus glutinosa. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a beautiful native shrub, with attractive flowers, foliage and autumn berries.It’s a good choice for shady borders or woodland-style planting schemes. Red currant is native to parts of Western Europe but is also widely cultivated, with some wild populations being formed by naturalised escapees. The fertile central flowers are pollinated e.g. The berries contain Vitamin C but they must be cooked before you eat them. It grows 2 meters or more tall. It also make a fine ornamental shrub for any garden: in the wild, it is often found in dappled woodland shade, but it … Note the leaf shape of this bush. The groove in the leaf stalk is said to be narrow and deeper (more or less V-shaped) in Guelder-rose where the native has a broader, flat-bottomed groove, but this can be variable and is not diagnostic by itself. Flowers white, in broad flat topped clusters 4.5 to 10.5 cm across, inner florets fertile 4 to 7 mm surrounded by a few large sterile flowers 15 to 20 mm. The tree is very attractive and easy to grow. Ought one eradicate the european variety in an informal woodland restoration? Guelder rose is a shrub – growing quickly up to 2-4m tall. The berries are often made into a jam that is added to teas as it is considered to be very healthy and high in vitamin C. The jam and the crushed berries tend to have a smell of dirty socks, but once in jam form are quite tasty. According to Welby Smith's “Trees and Shrubs of Minnesota”, nearly all of the “highbush cranberry” sold as nursery stock in Minnesota is the European species, even those labeled as the native. Freeze the berries, then take out and pull off the stalks into a saucepan. Habitat. Berry is shiny red when ripe. Guelder-rose, traditionally called Snowball bush, is beautiful shrub which has a blooming as magnificent in spring as its foliage is in fall. May develop yellow-red or reddish-purple colors in fall. It is nearly identical to Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus var. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, European Highbush Cranberry, Snowball Bush, part shade, sun; disturbed soils; upland woods, woodland edges, urban landscapes. guelder-rose, viburnum, opulus Beeld - Fotosearch Enhanced. Guelder Rose Plant Description Viburnum opulus is a vigorous, deciduous native shrub. New shoots appear in May. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. It is found in woods, scrub and hedges, especially on damp, lime-rich, soils. Order Guelder Rose - Viburnum opulus shrubs online. White spring flowers give rise to bunches of red berries. The fertile central flowers are pollinated e.g. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Both fruits and flowers are an important source of food for insects and birds. It also make a fine ornamental shrub for any garden: in the wild, it is often found in dappled woodland shade, but it … Ethnic/Cultural Info Another name for guelder rose is crampbark, which refers to its use in medicine for treating asthma and heart disease – but don’t try it yourself! The bigger flowers are sterile and help to attract insects to pollinate the smaller ones. They taste like cranberries, more or less, but they grow on large bushes and have a single large green flat seed. Resembling a maple, Viburnum opulus (European Cranberrybush) is a lovely addition to the landscape, which is prized for its spring foliage color, healthy summer foliage, vibrant fall color and showy fruits. Hedgerows and woodland on damp soils. Guelder Rose plants for sale. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? It is, however, becoming more common than the native in some areas of the state, largely due to the native's habitat loss from development and agriculture. Of those aphid species, Baker (2015) lists 12 as occurring in Britain (Show British list). Check on my guelder rose Viburnum are attacked by aphids and whiteflies, especially if they are weakened by poor growing conditions. The european variety is the national plant of Ukraine, called Kalyna. Herb: Guelder Rose Latin name: Viburnum opulus Family: Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family) Medicinal use of Guelder Rose: Guelder rose is a powerful antispasmodic and is much used in the treatment of asthma, cramps and other conditions such as colic or painful menstruation. It is also used as a sedative remedy for nervous conditions. The Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is just one of many viburnums. It also produces small berries that look kind of like a cranberry during the fall. The two apparently do hybridize, which makes it even more challenging. To extract these seeds you need a bucket or two, a flat-bottomed pole (for example, an old sawn-off spade handle), a sieve or colander and access to a … Guelder-rose: eat with care Post date: Wednesday, 15 October, 2014 - 00:00 One of my favourite hedgerow shrubs, the Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus), is not a species that I seem to encounter much in my part of Dorset. Guelder Rose berries pair well with strawberries, apples, cherries, blueberries, lemon juice, mountain rose ash, baked goods, pancakes, crepes, toast, and meats such as lamb and wild game. How these non-native species end up in an undisturbed, native habitat is beyond me. It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. ID: A shrub with large sterile outer flowers and small fertile inner ones. The berries can also be dried or frozen for extended use. The Guelder Rose is a spreading shrub growing to around 13ft (4m). 4 Bottles for £12 See All Offers. Guelder Rose Plant Description Viburnum opulus is a vigorous, deciduous native shrub. In fall, it brings fresh color to an increasingly dull environment with its berries. Pick an image for a larger view. ‘Apparently, Chaucer was fond of eating the berries of the commonly known guelder rose but most find them bitter and smelly.’ ‘However, in hedgerows, aliens like fuchsia, buddleia and snowberry are pushing out native species like spindle and guelder rose.’ Other Common Names: Guelder rose, snowball bush, red elder, European highbush cranberry, snowball tree, rose elder, cramp bark, water elder, European cranberrybush viburnum; Native to: Europe and Asia; USDA Zones: 3-8; Height: 8-15' tall; Exposure: Full sun to part shade; Other species of viburnum shrubs This shrub is found scattered among our hedges and country lanes up and down the land. Berries can be stored in buckets for a week or two provided they are kept in a cool, dry place. Leaves palmate with 3, occasionally 5, toothed lobes, usually hairy beneath. At the base of the leaf stalk is a pair of thread-like appendages (stipules) up to ¼ inch long. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Viburnum opulus seedlings available for planting now. Guelder-rose is a very beautiful shrub, particularly appreciated for its appealing spring blooming.. Key Guelder rose facts. Despite the name, Guelder Rose is not a rose plant – it’s actually a Viburnum. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – April to June It bears fragrant flowers in May and June and carries translucent, Identification difficulty. Guelder Rose, Southport: See 1,350 unbiased reviews of Guelder Rose, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #49 of 313 restaurants in Southport. The Guelder Rose is a spreading shrub growing to around 13ft (4m). The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. It’s commonly known as Guelder Rose, a name that originated from the Gelderland province in the Netherlands, where a cultivar of the plant – the Snowball Tree – is said to have originated. Each leaf has 3-5 lobes. Guelder-rose is a shrub with angled stems and showy flowers, thriving best on damp, rich soils. Guelder-rose is a spreading, much-branched deciduous shrub, up to 4 m high, with greyish, hairless stems. Heluta (Guelder Rose Mildew) Interactions where Golovinomyces sparsus is the controlling partner and gains from the process . Flat clusters 2 to 5 inches across from new lateral branchlets of one-year old branches, emerging after the leaves. The guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a hardy, vigorous native shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border.It offers interest for most of the year, bearing large, lacecap-like, white flowers from late spring to early summer, followed by bunches of small, bright red, fleshy fruit in autumn. Guelder rose is a powerful antispasmodic and is much used in the treatment of asthma, cramps and other conditions such as colic or painful menstruation. Erni/Shutterstock With more than 150 species, viburnums are one of America’s most popular flowering landscape shrubs. Red currant tends to grow in isolated but dense stands. Golovinomyces sparsus (U. Braun) V.P. It’s commonly known as Guelder Rose, a name that originated from the Gelderland province in the Netherlands, where a cultivar of the plant – the Snowball Tree – is said to have originated. To identify, look at the small, bump-like glands at the base of each leaf. The large, white flowers appear in June and July and are followed by clusters of red berries, which are an important food source for birds, such as Bullfinches and Mistle Thrushes. At maturity, it can be 15 feet in height, and it … Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. It is found in woods, scrub and hedges, especially on damp, lime-rich, soils. It’s a good choice for shady borders or woodland-style planting schemes. Guelder Rose Description. It bears fragrant flowers in May and June and carries translucent, Comes with 7 full-colour photos to help make identification easy. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. The edges of the leaves are toothed. If you see a white felting on the leaves - powdery mildew - it is because your plant lacks water, or that its foliage is too dense. Infloresence 5-10 cm across, outer flowers 15-20 mm. Guelder Rose, 50 Marine Drive, Southport, PR8 1RY. Older bark is gray, thin, and smooth to slightly rough. Viburnum opulus seedlings available for planting now. by bees and some beetles. This packed with vitamins guelder rose preserve will gladden the whole family during any tea-party. The easiest way to distinguish the two is to look at the glands at the tip of the leaf stalk near the blade (magnification is helpful): those of Guelder-rose are typically shorter than wide, oval-elliptic, and bowl or cup shaped (concave) with a distinct rim; those of the native are typically taller than wide, round to oval, flat or rounded (convex) at the tip, and lack a distinct rim. The real distribution of Guelder-rose in the state is uncertain, since it has been widely planted as an ornamental shrub and looks essentially identical to the native. In the past, it was known as swamp-elder which demonstrates its preference for boggy areas. The large flowers are sterile, lacking stamens or pistils, and the small flowers are fertile, with 5 long, pale stamens. Thanks for your understanding. Therefore, in order to maximise its growth, you must ensure you provide the best possible conditions. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. The real distribution of Guelder-rose in the state is uncertain, since it has been widely planted as an ornamental shrub and looks essentially identical to the native. Berries are edible when cooked or made into wine, producing a pleasant acid taste. The bark is impermeable to water, which is a protection against rot. Turn down low and simmer for 60 minutes then use a potato masher at the end to crush the mixture. Leaves opposite, 5-10 cm long, as wide or wider, with pointed lobes, a few disk-like glands on grooved petiole. Where in Minnesota? Guelder-rose is the European counterpart to the native American Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. The bark of guelder rose is smooth and green-brown. On the top they are smooth and hairy below, similar in appearance to the field maple leaf. Shinier and softer are the berries of the Guelder Rose (Viburnum opulus). 49 van 311 restaurants in Southport. Guelder Rose is indigenous to the northern part of the United States and Canada. Shrub to 4 metres, with angled young twigs. Broad oval deep green leaves turn red in autumn with beautiful bunches of bright red berries. Guelder Rose, Viburnum opulus, is one of Britain's most beautiful native shrubs and it makes a great hedging plant, typically in a mixed country hedge. Viburnum opulus (Guelder rose) Index. Buy Viburnum opulus plants for quick UK delivery. Guelder Rose Common Names: European Highbush Cranberry, American Cranberry, Cramp Bark, Snowball Tree, Red Elder, Rose Elder Genus: Viburnum Species: opulus Description: The Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub in the honey-suckle family. 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