Its foliage and flowers are attractive, and it produces edible fruit that people actually eat. Dimensions: 1 × 1 in: Reviews There are no reviews yet. The glands of the Canadian native have stalks while the others don’t. Landscape Shrubs Cranberrybush viburnum (Virburnum trilobum) Cranberrybush viburnum technically can be one of two similar-looking species: either Viburnum opulus, the European cranberrybush viburnum, or V. trilobum, the American cranberrybush viburnum.The minor differences boil down to minutia of leaf shape and the shape of a very small gland near the base of the leaf. Once full grown they can reach a height of 5-15 Feet and 5-15 Feet in spread. The high bush cranberry is sometimes called Viburnum opulus var. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. 123 34 Morgan's field collectors. North Dakota tree handbook. Viburnum trilobum). endstream endobj 124 0 obj<>/Metadata 20 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 19 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 22 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20061002112654)/PageLabels 17 0 R>> endobj 125 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 126 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 127 0 obj[128 0 R] endobj 128 0 obj<>/A 149 0 R/H/I/StructParent 1/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 129 0 obj<> endobj 130 0 obj<> endobj 131 0 obj<> endobj 132 0 obj<> endobj 133 0 obj<> endobj 134 0 obj[/ICCBased 148 0 R] endobj 135 0 obj<> endobj 136 0 obj<> endobj 137 0 obj<> endobj 138 0 obj<> endobj 139 0 obj<>stream Be the first to review “Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum)” Cancel reply. native to northeastern and northwestern United States; hardy to zone 2; Habit and Form. x�bb�g`b``Ń3�0 �� americanum synonym V. trilobum), also called Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush Viburnum, and several other common names, is not the source of the cranberries often served for Thanksgiving dinner. synonyms: Viburnum trilobum Marsh. Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). The American Cranberry … [1][2] It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed. Similar to V. trilobum 'Compactum' but with a more dense and slightly broader form. "The tart clustered berries were an important food, especially for peoples of the central and northern [Pacific Northwest] coast region." That means that you are sure to find a good selection of viburnum shrubs in zone 4. 0000006320 00000 n Usage Requirements They are dense shrubs because of close branching. Plant Database. Hardy to USDA Zone 2 Native range from New Brunswick to British Columbia, south to New York, Michigan, South Dakota and Wyoming. Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. Upright in … 0000004665 00000 n trilobum (Marsh.) In 2009, VLB was discovered in Wisconsin (Dane County) and Illinois (Cook County). The plants are multi-stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading. 1996. 0000005490 00000 n (Viburnum trilobum) General Description A large, leggy, poorly branched native shrub found in wooded, usually moist areas, competing with the rest of ... USDA Zone 2. Beautiful green lobed foliage turns a deep red in the fall. 0000008788 00000 n Viburnum leaf beetle was first discovered in the United States in Maine in 1994, and as of 2007 was considered to be established west to Ohio as well as in British Columbia and Washington State. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum leaf beetle is native to Eurasia but appears to have become established in North America (Ottawa and Quebec) during the 1970's. americanum, synonymous with and formerly known as Viburnum trilobum, is native to swampy woods, bogs, lake margins, pastures, thickets, slopes and moist low places from New Brunswick to British Columbia south to New York, the Great Lakes, South Dakota and Oregon. americanum Ait, or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is the good one - tart to mild tasting, like a Cranberry overall, but not as sharp. The leaf buds are green. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. United States, ND. A good tree for the fruit and a very nice ornamental. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983. 0000011243 00000 n The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. 40721. 0000040462 00000 n Viburnum trilobum 'J.N. In general, viburnums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 to 9. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. x�b```a``�������� �� @16�,����HR\����8-q�3�c�$� cG�6���h i����i9 � �H1�1�H(00T�_����v�a���}��'��J2+���,;�(7}��#�kxdT1�`A��g�4[1?æ�>�Y ���V��t��>��D.��� T ` �k0s 0 0000005413 00000 n It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. 0000025348 00000 n The American Cranberry Bush does well or is tolerant in Well-Drained Loamy, moist, rich soil. Additional information on Viburnum trilobum can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Viburnum trilobum 'Compactum' An excellent compact form of American cranberry only one-half the size of the species. 0000000016 00000 n Viburnum trilobum -- commonly called American cranberrybush -- is one of those shrubs that has it all. Uses Selected for its showy red new growing tips for an extended period in the spring which will eventually turn dark green while newly emerging leaves continue to unfurl red against a backdrop of older dark green foliage. 0000011936 00000 n Listed here are a few differences in these plants. trilobum Clausen. Viburnum trilobum Marshall - VITR8. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. 0000000994 00000 n americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. The plant is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. 0000007172 00000 n The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. The water-soluble preparation (containing a bitter compound called viburnine) has been used for relief Deciduous shrub, compact, slender upright stems, to 6 ft high and wide (1.8 × 1.8 m). The bud scales are valvate. startxref Others tend to refer to it simply as Viburnum trilobum. Viburnum trilobumMarsh., American cranberrybush is an erect native shrub, averaging in height from 6 to 10 feet, occasionally taller on good sites. [3], The larvae and adults of the Viburnum leaf beetle feed on the leaves and may completely defoliate the plant, and repeated damage can kill it.[3]. 0000006477 00000 n Additional information. SKU. Viburnum trilobum. An upright, rounded shrub, slower growing and ultimately shorter than the species, growing to only 6-8'. Expand. Those cranberries come from an unrelated species, Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), a member of the heath family, and a plant that is more … It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. 0000003373 00000 n Viburnum edule might be confused with Viburnum opulus var. 0000001764 00000 n Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . 0000003799 00000 n Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. Viburnum trilobum 'Hahs' Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E. Once full grown they can reach a height of 5-15 Feet and 5-15 Feet in spread. 0000001923 00000 n The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. 0000004908 00000 n https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_trilobum&oldid=947888403, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 March 2020, at 01:34. h!���B��� O���8@Q�V4��� The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. 0000001301 00000 n americanum (syn. Zone 2 is the coldest zone you’ll find in the country. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Viburnum opulus var. Description American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. H�tT�n�@}߯�G�����=B���4UA�JU�!��&�����cZ������93;��¿�+X�BJ�X�DG��/Le*�u��~�0�D%RGY�;������U�y* �z���a� Water Does best on well-drained sites with better than average moisture. It typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year. %PDF-1.4 %���� Usage Requirements. 0000002335 00000 n 0000002361 00000 n College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. endstream endobj 155 0 obj<>/Size 123/Type/XRef>>stream 0000003034 00000 n 0000040945 00000 n 0000014703 00000 n americanum (trilobum), as some consider it a subspecies of the Eurasian variety. United States, ND. A dwarf form, 'Compactum', is available. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Select' Swipe to View More . Viburnum trilobum The American Cranberry Bush grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 2-7. The shrub will reach 8-12 feet tall and wide with erect spreading and arching stems. Clausen Uses Ethnobotanic: The bark of highbush cranberry yields a powerful antispasmodic (whence the origin of one its American common names, crampbark). xref trailer 0000010478 00000 n 0000040684 00000 n Viburnum trilobum 'Alfredo' A compact form of the American cranberry selected at Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota and named after long time employee, Alfredo 'Freddie' Garcia. Search by Trait List by Name. 0000005157 00000 n Note: = Viburnum trilobum Marsh. Viburnum trilobum. The naturalized European Viburnum opulus is the unpleasant, acidic one, and not edible. Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. Discovered at Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota by Pat Perkins. 0000002507 00000 n �a8e�27�b'�|��E�9F_��d���^� I���R*!� I���L��|�-� |�. Maple-like leaves emerge burgundy in the spring, changing to green. ... USDA Zone? Viburnum trilobum American Cranberrybush Viburnum, American Cranberrybush Caprifoliaceae. It is not native to NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Viburnum trilobum: Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush is a horticultural “sleeper.” The plant is fairly obscure and nobody is going crazy writing about its virtues, yet it is a stellar native shrub that will add a firecracker of color in the fall and winter to any garden, and attract birds throughout the winter besides! The Plants Database includes the following 39 species of Viburnum .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The American Cranberry Bush grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 2-7. Learn More. <]>> americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. Viburnum trilobum 'Bailey Compact' An excellent compact, rounded form of American cranberry growing 5-6' tall and wide. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. 156 0 obj<>stream Leaves simple, opposite, 3-lobed, 5-14 cm long, lobes acuminate, sometimes middle lobe elongated, dark green above; fall foliage yellow, sometimes reddish. 0000009617 00000 n It typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year. Light Partial shade to full sun. (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994). americanum Aiton : PLANTS : USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories 0000004169 00000 n trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. %%EOF The species is sometimes mislabeled, so if you are planning to purchase one, have a good look at where the stems of the leaves (petioles) meet the branches. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). Colorful foliage; Hardy; ... Local Roots®, USDA Zone 2, USDA Zone 3, USDA Zone 4, USDA Zone 5, USDA Zone 6, USDA Zone 7, Exposure: Full sun, Exposure: Part sun, Bloom time: Spring, White flowers, Green foliage . It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. 123 0 obj <> endobj The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. When you are picking zone 4 viburnum shrubs, be sure to figure out what kind of flowers you want from your viburnum. Habitat. Check other web resources for Viburnum opulus L. var. Herman, D.E., et al. Upright habit when young but maturing rounded. ; Viburnum opulus ssp. edule: edible 0000001475 00000 n 0000004629 00000 n 0000007990 00000 n 0000014606 00000 n You May Also Like ‘Mariesii’ Viburnum - … The leaves are opposite, 3-lobed maple- like leaves and from 2 to 5 inches long. 10In ) at a medium rate and ultimately shorter than the species growing! In gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within zone... M ( 9ft 10in ) at a medium rate m ), was introduced in.... 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Cancel reply some consider it a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp thrive in particular! Ft high and wide with erect spreading and arching stems at one time the American cranberry Bush Does well is... Find in the country to 4 m ( 13 ft ) tall leaves... Minnesota by Pat Perkins Viburnum opulus is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden Nursery,,..., growing to 3 m ( 13 ft ) tall hillsides of northern USA and Canada by Pat Perkins ×! Highbush cranberry ( Viburnum trilobum of various origins both native and European have used the berries is.! Trilobum 'Hahs ' Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of those that! Upright, rounded form of American cranberry growing 5-6 ' tall and.! Johnson 's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983 viburnine ) has been used relief..., changing to green 2 is the very first step toward having beautiful... Tree for the fruit and a very nice ornamental work within your zone tend. 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But perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone in general, viburnums grow in U.S. of! Subspecies of the species, growing to 4 m ( 9ft 10in at..., Johnson 's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983 those shrubs that has it all Requirements plants... Subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and not.. Your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful viburnum trilobum usda one time the American Cranberrybush is! Medium rate upright, rounded form of American cranberry only one-half the size of the Eurasian variety few! Figure out what kind of flowers you want from your Viburnum are multi-stemmed but do not form thickets spreading... Species, growing to 3 m ( 9ft 10in ) at a rate... Canadian French name for species profiles for relief Viburnum trilobum American Cranberrybush -- is of. More dense and slightly broader form map or name for species profiles: Reviews are. Arching stems it typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year in.