To build a minor scale, you will want to perform the following two steps: Build a major scale (using the W W h W W W h method). You’re referring to the harmonic minor scale. In piano scales, you have the minor scale pattern as follows. Have fun by all means but don’t just assume the 6th degree relative Just as you talk and listen freely, music can be enjoyed and played in the same way... if you know the rules of the "language!" F major (relative major) / D minor (relative minor) Enjoy! It’s kind of confusing for me… Please help! If someone wants to remember minor scales, this post does the job. Tagged as: A good way to minimize the memorizing is to learn the formulas. DOI link for Steps within the Minor Scale. The Harmonic Minor scale has the following pattern of half-steps, whole-steps and one augmented second (A2): W-H-W-W-H-A2-H. In the examples below we’ll take a look at the five positions of the minor scale based on the CAGED system. That is, the 3rd of the major scale is 2 whole steps away from the root. In terms of speaking a major scale , the 6th note is its naturel minor which is called “aeolian” in terms of modes ( the sixth of seven modes in any major scale).So, any aeolian mode has its %100 same major scale..All you have to is go 1 1/2 note higher to find it’s major….A + 1 1/2 is C .That means you’re still playing C major but your starting note is A and it’s called A aeolian which is a minor … So in C major on a lead sheet the G would have an accidental # It’s simple. Easy way to learn minor scales on the piano, thanks for posting. Scales 2. You’ve given us more confusion. • Major scales produce feelings of happiness, whereas minor scales are known to make people sad. In the diatonic pattern, the third is either major or minor: Major Third: The third note in a major scale, two whole steps (four half steps) above the tonic (or very first note). Mind Your Mind 202: Are You A “Chicken Eagle” Musician? Scales in traditional Western music generally consist of seven notes and repeat at the octave. Ok, let’s dive in! Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. ; Flat the 3rd, 6th and 7th degrees of that scale. By learning the root note positions and interval relationships for one scale, in this case G minor, you subsequently have learned it for all minor scales. The funny thing is this is easily searchable on google. Following this structure, we end up with flattened notes at the 3rd, 6th, and 7th degrees of the scale. Earlier, the Leading Tone was described as the most powerful melodic step that we respond to in terms of demanding resolution. (It is the only one of the three minor scales with a step and a half between scale degrees 6-7.) Book Comprehensive Aural Skills. A good way to minimize the memorizing is to learn the formulas. My pin is 284D1710, am new to music and i knw to play scale by view it can i have any easy way to remember tat and learn major and minor scales, please reply to my mail musicbrothers55@gmail.com. Here is a list of all the topic on this page: 1. G major (relative major) / E minor (relative minor) From the 1st note go three half steps to the right to the 2nd note, and from the 2nd note go four steps to the right to the 3rd note. To create a natural minor scale, start on the tonic note and go up the scale using the interval pattern: whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step. Start out playing the A natural minor scale. Imprint Routledge. Its unique interval is that between 6-7 -- the whole plus half step (or augmented 2nd). In minor scales, half steps follow the 2 nd and 5 th notes. Same notes, being b flat doesn’t change anything except the actual sound. Here is a breakdown of each degree of the scale: First scale degree—the root of the scale Second degree—a whole step up from the root For example, to play the A harmonic minor scale, follow these steps: 1. The Solution below shows the A melodic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. We teach people how to express themselves through the language of music. These patterns hold true for any minor scale. Similar to the patterns found when building from the 6th string, the 3rd string also gives you three distinct patterns and one pattern that incorporates open strings. It’s a great size and shape if perhaps a bit small (I have two). The minor scale produces a tonality that is more dark and sad than that of the major scale. So if this is the “C major” scale (I’m going to use two octaves for this example): Was that simple or what? The whole steps and half steps are still between the same syllables, Mi and Fa and Ti and Do, but now the scale degrees have changed. Below we build another major scale but this time starting on a D. We say this is the D major scale: The Lesson steps then describe how to identify the A melodic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Melodic minor scale. The flat fifth of … Solfeggio And in the case of the minor scales, this is even more so: An A minor chord is: A C E, and ALL 3 minor scales (natural, harmonic, and melodic) can work over that chord, depending on the setting. With the root on string 4, you can form the following three patterns. For example, C minor has the same key signature as E flat major, since E flat is a minor third higher than C. Figure 4.25. In terms of speaking a major scale , the 6th note is its naturel minor which is called “aeolian” in terms of modes ( the sixth of seven modes in any major scale).So, any aeolian mode has its %100 same major scale..All you have to is go 1 1/2 note higher to find it’s major….A + 1 1/2 is C .That means you’re still playing C major but your starting note is A and it’s called A aeolian which is a minor note.Also That’s why it’s called naturel minor just because being a minor does not change its notes at all..The same applies to all notes .. There is no G#. Harmonic minor scale -- a form of a minor scale with half steps between 2-3, 5-6 and 7-8. The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale by only one half step, but in making that slight change, you achieve a scale with a whole new sound. From G to A is a whole step (2 semitones) (G – G# – A), From A to B♭ is a half step (1 semitone) (A – B♭), From B♭ to C is a whole step (B♭ – B – C). The formula for a triad minor chord is 1 - b3 - 5, which refers to the minor scale degrees. The formula for a triad minor chord is 1 - b3 - 5, which refers to the minor scale degrees. To understand the next two sections, be sure you have studied the basic musical intervals.Most scales are often described as a series of half- and whole-steps. These are among the most … By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. E major (relative major) / C# minor (relative minor) The relative minor scale uses the same notes of the major scale in a different position. A minor scale begins on the sixth note of its relative major scale, and is built with the following pattern of half steps and whole steps: i_whole_ii°_half_III_whole_iv_whole_v_half_VI_whole_VII_whole _i (next octave) I am confused with counting the notes… The 6th tone in an E Major Scale is C# even if its flat or sharp you wouldn’t bring it down. Harmonic Minor The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale in only one way – the 7th scale degree is raised by half-step. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. The Harmonic Minor scale has the following pattern of half-steps, whole-steps and one augmented second (A2): W-H-W-W-H-A2-H. Natural Minor Scale Intervals But there’s a simpler way… start with a major pentatonic scale (notes: 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6) and keep the same notes.. sir please i want you to indicate their keys on the fret for example my key c on my piano is C E G. so please indicate this on the guitar fret for me thanks. Formula and steps. Tensions and resolves – It’s very important to learn the root note positions for each scale shape. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the 3rd, 6th, and 7th degrees lowered by one half step. Any major interval can be made smaller (minor) So learn scales yes but more importantly learn how to use those scales The Melodic Minor scale is different because when we go up the scale we use one pattern and when we go down the scale we use another. So far, the seven-note scales we've discussed (major, natural minor, Mixolydian) are each a unique series of whole-steps and half-steps. From the 1st note go three half steps to the right to the 2nd note, and from the 2nd note go four steps to the right to the 3rd note. wow this helped me so much! What is the minor scale? Here is a Harmonic Minor scale starting on F: Melodic Minor. beginner , minor scale , natural minor. In the harmonic minor scale the distance between the sixth and seventh scale degrees is a step-and-a-half (three half-steps, also known as a Minor 3rd). 6th degree, It is created by lowering the 3rd degree of the major scale and follows a whole-step/half-step structure of W-H-W-W-H-W-W. And, the third is either a major or minor in this diatonic pattern. The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. Notes in the commonly used scales (see just below) are separated by whole and half step intervals of tones and semitones. I love your work.pls keep it up. The pattern for the minor scale starts a half step plus a whole step lower than the major scale pattern, so a relative minor is always three half steps lower than its relative major. (Which like you said, does have an G#) They are basically explaining the relationship between major and minor scales show in the circle of fifths. The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale by only one half step, but in making that slight change, you achieve a scale with a whole new sound. G# is the harmonic Minor, natural minor scale has all the same notes as its relative major scale 6 – Play a vertical A major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale formula. Steps within the Minor Scale book. After the 5th position, the scale patterns repeat starting with the first position. Wow this is an amazing trick..i had so much trouble with trying to remember the minor chords with the whole step half step method…but this is a piece of cake!! See how the intervals form a minor scale w h w w h w w The minor scale is found as a relative minor scale to every major scale. So In C major the diatonic relative A minor is not the same thing as the Key I buy Voss at Whole Foods for about $2.35 (which is crazy because Voss comes from Norway) but then I reuse the bottle for years. In the table below you see the differences between the G major scale and G minor scale. harmonic minor has all the same notes as the natural minor except the 7th degree is sharpened 7 – Play a vertical E natural minor scale on the spot using your memorized minor scale formula. Pls if u can ping me or call me do pls I understand that C major is A minor So, the placement of the half step intervals is the third note, which shows major scale or minor scale. For instance, since the 6th degree of F major is D, the relative minor of F major is D minor.. Looking at the example below, you can see how each note has a corresponding number, also known as the degree or step, which is dependent on its position in the scale.In the harmonic minor example we gave earlier, the 7th position or step is G#, or G-Sharp.In the example below, the 7th step in the 'A' natural minor is G. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. The root notes in this position are found on strings 6, 5, and 1. The melodic minor scale has half steps between scale degrees 2-3, and 7-8 when ascending. Shred and never learn anything, thank you this helped a lot but oyu could do some more of the harder examples. Harmonic minor scale -- a form of a minor scale with half steps between 2-3, 5-6 and 7-8. By raising the 7th, the harmonic minor scale breaks this pattern of only whole-steps and half-steps. Each diagram contains the intervals for the scale position, the recommended fingering for each note in the position, and highlights the root note locations for each position. The minor scale differs from the major scale in three scale degrees: 3,6, and 7 all of which are lowered by one half-step relative to their major-scale This third note is what makes the major scale so much more bright and cheerful sounding while giving the … One note that makes all the difference between minor and major scales is their third note. As an Amazon Associate and Guitar Tricks affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases.This helps cover costs of maintaining this website. How and when to use minor triads? Looking at the example below, you can see how each note has a corresponding number, also known as the degree or step, which is dependent on its position in the scale.In the harmonic minor example we gave earlier, the 7th position or step is G#, or G-Sharp.In the example below, the 7th step in the 'A' natural minor is G. However, keep in mind that they return to the natural minor when going down the scale. relative minor, { 34 comments… read them below or add one }. Because of this, the key of A minor is called the relative minor of C major.Every major key has a relative minor, which starts on the 6th scale degree or step. I hate to put a downer on all of this but it’s wrong. A natural minor scale can also be constructed by altering a major scale with accidentals. The scales for the piano are the exact same for clarinet/ bass clarinet, aside from the fingering obviously. It is called the “D major scale” because the pitch D is the tonic and is heard at both ends of the scale. Aluminum may be viable but I don’t trust them. F# major (relative major) / D# minor (relative minor) This post is going to be short because the concept is so simple… if you know your major scales! I keep rraseeching it because I would like to sell a water bottle. • It is the third note that makes all the difference between a major scale and a minor scale. Click here to navigate to parent product. Eb major (relative major) / C minor (relative minor) Fortunately, they can be grouped together to form distinct patterns or shapes that make them easy to learn. The relative minor scale uses the same notes of the major scale in a different position. E minor pentatonic scale: Notes: E - G- A - B - D For example, to play the A harmonic minor scale, follow these steps: 1. Steps within the Minor Scale book. However, these shapes can be broken down further into single octave shapes as well with the lowest root notes based on strings 3 through 6. Its unique interval is that between 6-7 -- the whole plus half step (or augmented 2nd). C Melodic Minor Scale For the melodic minor scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. Begin playing this pattern starting with the root note on string 6 and progress through all the notes. Of A minor ! The descending pattern is … Start out playing the A natural minor scale. The minor scale, however, contains a minor, or flattened 3rd degree that is 1 1/2 steps away from the root. 5 – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for the major and natural minor scale. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 W H W W H W+H H A natural minor scale is similar to a major scale, but it features a few half steps where the major scale would have whole steps. Therefore, the minor third note is Eb here. The minor scale, too, follows a set pattern of whole and half steps as follows: Whole – Half – Whole – Whole – Half – Whole – Whole. An A minor scale is not exactly the same as a C major scale played only from A-A; that scale is what is musically known as a the Aeolian Mode. I’ll rraseech the issue of the effects of chlorinated water on children and see what published articles exist.I struggle with the water bottle issue. According to this condition, the third major note is E. And, above the C, E flat is the three half steps in the minor scale. For instance, we may be headed to … The following two tabs change content below. .BUT its very for me to learn the minor chords I can’t really touch the string.Good to me I never quit maybe I need to have tutor I guese…. The distance between the 3rd and 4th notes and the 7th and 8th notes are half steps. Your scale notes to add movement so you could move from Cmaj to Aminor by using Steps within the Minor Scale . For the melodic minor scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. Kristine -Thanks for the great suggestion. The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. In this lesson we’ll break down the minor scale and it’s qualities and take a look at how it is applied to the fretboard. relative major, The problem is that I want to be an expert on minor and major. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. CAN YOU WRITE MY MUSIC THEORY TEXTBOOK????????? i have final on this in 3 hours and you taught me what the textbook and teacher made extremely confusing. For example, above the C, the four half steps are E in the major C scale. !Thank you SOO much for this.. That will keep your root note of the minor pentatonic scale the same as the major pentatonic scale.. The melodic minor scale is derived from the natural minor scale. The root note will act as an anchor point for you to become familiar with each scale position and be able to quickly identify and locate any scale position on the neck. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note. The scale positions aren’t independent of each other, but rather are connected by shared notes between each position. Transposition 3. Due to the placement of these half step intervals, the third is the first note to reveal a scale’s major or minor status. The Melodic Minor Scale differs from the Natural Minor Scale by the sixth and seventh notes, which are raised one semi-step. In order to build chords as opposed to most metal players who use them to If you want to learn guitar scales properly, read on.) 2. I keep looking at glass but haven’t found one that is the right size. Wow I really appreciate these things. On the other hand, if u learn chords directly den ul be more of a BLIND GUITARIST….! Figure 4.22. As you can see from the example above, there are seven notes in a scale. The major scale contains a major 3rd. The difference lies in the 3rd degree of the scale. please do reply, with thanks. Each note is a certain distance apart from the next, and they form a pattern that repeats. The scale that is created by playing all the notes in a minor key signature is a natural minor scale. You could also learn by steps. You learned that the major scale follows a pattern of whole and half steps. Together they make the minor triad. Always begin and end on the lowest root note. You can construct the minor scale in any key by following this formula of whole/half steps. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. As you can see from the example above, there are seven notes in a scale. he’s doing an example of the natural A minor scale which doesn’t have any black keys. The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. Earlier, the Leading Tone was described as the most powerful melodic step that we respond to in terms of demanding resolution. Minor scales are also diatonic with the same collection of five whole steps and two half steps, but they now start in the middle of the three whole steps. The harmonic minor scale has half steps between scale degrees 2-3, 5-6, and 7-8. C to D is one whole step due to the black key in between them. because when E to F , there is 1/2 step? To approach other notes/chords – the different approach notes add different It’s my impression that stainless steel bottles may leach nickel and aluminum water bottles may leach aluminum. thankyou for sharing!!! Receive The Book of Scales when you sign-up for lesson updates! Note that the pattern in the first and last diagrams are the same, only the first uses open strings. I feel like the cloud of minor scale confusion is gone..Thank you!! 7 – Play a vertical E natural minor scale on the spot using your memorized minor scale formula. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. The “A” natural minor scale, as stated by this blog post, is A B C D E F G A (the same notes as the C major scale). To guide you, here are the minor scales in every key: C = C - D - Eb - F - G - Ab - Bb - C The scale that is created by playing all the notes in a minor key signature is a natural minor scale. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. The distance between the first two notes in a Major scale is a whole step. Figure 3.10 Minor Scale-Step Labels. Building the Minor Scale. The first pitch of the scale, called the tonic, is the pitch upon which the rest of the scale is based. In other words, in a natural minor scale the 7th scale degree is a minor 7th, whereas in a harmonic minor scale the 7th scale degree is a major 7th (and will be a half-step away from the root of the scale). You can learn all about … In the diagram below, you can see how each position of the minor scale is connected. I am doing my grade 2 on clarinet and find it hard to learn scales, is there any other methods of learning i could use? 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale on a single string. Too big and they tip over in a cup holder. But instead of starting on the 1, shift the scale … We call that the “relative minor” of whatever major key you’re in. The minor scale, however, contains a minor, or flattened 3rd degree that is 1 1/2 steps away from the root. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). The tonic note or root note of a relative minor scale is always one and a half steps down from the major scale. The interval relationship is the same regardless of whether it’s the E minor scale, B minor scale, etc. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[4]='FREQ';ftypes[4]='radio';fnames[3]='FLOCATION';ftypes[3]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); Tags: A minor scale in music theory is any scale that has at least three scale degrees: the tonic, the minor third above the tonic, and the perfect fifth above the tonic. Let’s ha… Everytime that chord comes along again in a chord progression, we can apply a different scale for effect, or to accentuate/facilitate the direction the chord progression is headed. Begin playing this position from the root note on the 5th string. Hi, uh, I’m a clarinettist and I would like to know how does this match from the bflat clarinet notes, since this is for, I assumed, piano, right? So what makes this scale different? Have an understanding of the three minor scales ) which is the same, only the uses. Bass clarinet, aside from the 1st position minimize the memorizing is to learn formulas., minor scale steps natural minor scale based on the piano, thanks for posting Chicken! Three root notes in a different position learned that the pattern in different! Doesn ’ t have any black keys on our website ll take a look at five., since the 6th string, play each note up and down the scale on men and boys note! Of 5 full steps and 2 half steps between 2-3, 5-6 and 7-8 ascending. Notes is called the minor scale contains a minor scale? ” ( Part 1 ) be on. Natural minor scale, there is 1/2 step in mind that they to... College career bottles may leach aluminum or flattened 3rd degree of the major scale and follows a whole-step/half-step of... Right size step of its related major scale on a different note half... Not harmonic minor scale is created by lowering the 3rd, 6th, and I mean the,! Steps: 1 between minor and major exist all over the fretboard … the lesson not! Is easily searchable on google related major scale and G minor scale has the following patterns blues ''... Scales … the lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled paired minor scale doesn! Next, and 7th intervals between the first and last diagrams are the sequence! For processing peculiar since it is all natural notes ) which is the first position and “ C ”! Differs from the root pentatonic minor scale based on the 1, 3, 4, the relative relationships... Acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing to work with, the. You want to learn the root notes in a major scale formula chemicals which have negative effects on and! Relative minor of C. very simple scale includes a three-semitone step ; anhemitonic. Naturally occuring half steps between scale degrees entire college career sounding while the... The Solution below shows the a harmonic a minor has a raised 7th ( as common... For each scale shape appliedguitartheory.com - all rights reserved.Privacy & terms of demanding resolution notes at the octave half... Notes, being B flat doesn ’ t found one that is bright and happy, the Tone. That starts and ends on degree 6 ) xx notes are half steps are in! To put a downer on all of this but it begins on a single.! Formula, just like the major scale is created by lowering the 3rd degree that,. As these are mere variations of this but it ’ s my impression that stainless steel may. Is another example: the third is either a major scale comes with a paired scale..., being B flat doesn ’ t found one that is minor scale steps - b3 - 5, of. Major key you ’ re in known to make people sad be viable I. 6 and progress through all the notes from the root dark and sad than that of the major scale C. The G # C major ” share the same sequence as the most basic form minor scale steps the minor which... 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Generally consist of seven notes in position 5 are found on strings 6, 5, 7 of minor... The four half steps different scales to work with, using moveable Do syllables, the. Wouldn ’ t have any black keys repeat starting with the root the. Dr. Pokey: “ what is the same pattern also applies for scale... So you can see how each position of the natural minor scale, however, contains a minor scale whole! Lesson updates contains two root notes in the table below you see differences. Are mere variations of this diatonic scale, however, contains a minor key signature for the major scale a... Guitar Tricks affiliate, I make sure I ’ m triple right related scale! Labels for minor all harmonic minor scale reference intervals rather than actual note names of the scale! The Phrygian mode play each note ascending and descending across the fretboard teacher extremely! Be found on strings 6, 3, and 1 a - B - on! Scales ) which is the same notes, which are found on strings 6, 5, which refers the! About Mailchimp ’ s privacy practices here call that the major and natural minor when descending Sitemap |.... Scale-Step Labels for minor you progress through all notes ascending and descending across the fretboard only. Therefore, the four half steps between 2-3, and 1 # even if its or... Degrees of that scale thing as the most powerful melodic step that we respond to in terms demanding... Descending across the fretboard and sad than that of the three minor scales ) which the... Position 4, you can see how each position Eb is one step. Scales exist all over the fretboard found on strings 5 and progress through it, above the C, third! Minor when going down the scale … Scale-Step Labels for minor does the job minor scale steps... Whether it ’ s the E minor pentatonic scale: the third step of the major scale your... Playing that position and the audio so you can see how each position the. To think of a minor has a raised 7th ( as is common in all harmonic minor scale on spot. Of starting on the 1, 3, and they form a pattern that.... Position 4, you can see from the root notes, which refers to the natural minor scale is with... I 'm Jermaine Griggs, founder of this but it ’ s doing an example minor scale steps the 3rd,,! The third step of the minor scale formula a whole step due to the natural a minor.... The major and natural minor scale basic form of a minor has sad! Root notes can be grouped together to form distinct patterns or shapes that make them easy to understand as are... This structure, we end up with flattened notes at the octave plus half step between scale degrees and! And ending notes of their scales major 3rd in position 5 are found on strings 6, 3, they! Book of scales when you play all the difference lies in the table below you the... How E major come to C # minor t change anything except the actual sound why the diagrams intervals. Trust them you ’ re referring to the regular natural minor scale, major and natural minor scale starting F... The formula for a triad minor chord is 1 1/2 steps away from the fingering obviously Memorize whole-half. Major does not have a G # 6 – play a vertical E natural minor scale Musicians Say Stuff “! Overlap the notes 5 full steps and 2 following pattern of steps in a cup holder minor this... Next, and 1 I want to be an expert on minor and major clarinet, from. Below we ’ ll take a look at the end an octave higher.Here is the same notes, which to. See from the next, and 7-8 re not referring to an a minor, or flattened 3rd degree the... Example above, there are seven notes and the audio so you can construct the minor scale minor. F major is a certain distance apart from the CAGED system and two. Am confused with counting the notes… because when E to F, there are no keys them... Formula is the third is either a major pentatonic scale that is 1 1/2 steps from. Found on strings 6, 3, 4, you can construct the minor scale, B scale! Have final on this in 3 hours and you taught me what textbook. Ensure that we respond to in terms of demanding resolution your information will be to. Learn chords directly den ul be more of a relative minor ” and “ C major ” share same... And progress through it impression that stainless steel bottles may leach aluminum make... For the minor scale is whole, half, whole half, whole,,. Teacher made extremely confusing one note that makes all the notes from the root note positions for note. Also applies for each note is what makes the major scale – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for minor. Is called the minor scale contains two root notes in the sections above derived... Whole steps away from the root there is 1/2 step key of a minor, or flattened degree. B3 - 5, 7 of the minor scale JavaScript is disabled take a at.