Southern black-haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with lustrous, waxy green foliage, creamy-white flowers in mid-spring, dark blue berries on red stems and shiny, maroon to deep burgundy fall color. Leaf Description:  Opposite leaves, elliptical and very finely toothed. Rusty Black-Haw Viburnum, Virburnum rufidulum. Deer and beaver eat the twigs, bark, and leaves. Some species are densely hairy on the shoots and leaves, with star-shaped hairs. It also tolerates drought. Since I wouldn’t want to physically damage an imperiled species, I would not harvest browse from blackhaw in the below listed counties, just in case I was off on my species ID and had nannyberry in hand instead. Size. It can even reach 30 feet in height, though if it’s trimmed, it will stay around 15 feet or so. Their slightly bitter flavor is tamed through cooking, so they’re usually reserved for jams and preserves. Height x Spread: 1.5m x 1.5m. Their slightly bitter flavor is tamed through cooking, so they’re usually reserved for jams and preserves. Its distinctive bronze-green foliage on reddish purple stems turns blue-black in the fall. Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [2016, November 15]. They spend most of their time and energy trying to find food, water and shelter. This shrub can tolerate some shade and thrives in most soil types. National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association, St. Bark is gray to brown on outside and reddish brown on inside. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. c/o Virginia Botanical Associates, Blacksburg. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) The blackhaw is one of the tallest viburnums that you will encounter. Seed/ Fruit Size: Berry clusters hang downward and have red stems on the berries. Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a sturdy, shapely shrub or small tree that typically grows to a height of 12 to15 feet and more rarely to 30 feet. Many birds eat the berries, including northern cardinal, cedar waxwing, robin, ruffed grouse, and wild turkey. See more ideas about Viburnum, Highbush cranberry, Shrubs. PRIVACY POLICY|TERMS & CONDITIONS|SITE MAP. Blackhaw viburnum is a large shrub or small tree that has smaller leaves and brighter fall color with oranges, yellows and reds. Blackhaw viburnum also has attractive white, lacey blooms in the spring, followed by edible purple berries in the fall. Caprifoliaceae. Viburnums as a whole rank #21 on our Favorite Fruits List, and #18 on our Best Browse List. A serious caution: This shrub has opposite, glossy, leaves that are similar in shape to Poison Sumac leaflets. Viburnum berries usually store well. Blackhaw viburnum is a large shrub with an upright form and rounded shape, making this native shrub attractive when planted individually or grouped for a tall hedge or screen. The dense flower clusters develop into purplish-black fruit that the birds love. Townsend, J. F. (2015, April) Rare Plants Natural Heritage Technical Report 15-10. Avoid freezing, thawing and refreezing as might happen in a door of a freezer. The berries are just beautiful hanging against their rich, fall red foliage. Blackhaw is a large suckering native shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall and nearly as wide. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Handpick berries only when they are a ripe, deep blue/black. Burkwood (Viburnum burkwoodii) Native Americans had a wide variety of ways to use the berries of various Viburnum species. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Blackhaw Viburnum, Sheep-berry, Nanny-berry, Sweet-haw, Sweet Sloe, Stag Bush, Arrowwood Viburnum prunifolium . Rusty Blackhaw is a shrub or small tree that is native to eastern and central USA and is found in most areas of NC. bushii (Ahse) Palmer & Steyerm, and Viburnum prunifolium var. It relaxes for striated muscles as they are attached to skeleton like ones in limbs. It grows in hedges, woodlands and thickets. Suitable for boarder planting or hedging or screening. Rusty blackhaw viburnum is a lovely little native that can be found growing all over the state, from east to central Texas, mostly along streams and the edges of woodland area. Do more research to make sure you are identifying your target species correctly and not harvesting a threatened species! Edible. Some of the best types of large viburnum shrubs that grow as trees are Snowball tree (Viburnum opulus), Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium), and Leatherleaf viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum). Copyrighted data used with permission. Mature size 15 feet x 10 feet. Traditional Use and Health Benefits. Viburnum prunifolium (known as blackhaw or black haw, blackhaw viburnum, sweet haw, and stag bush) is a species of Viburnum native to eastern North America, from Connecticut west to eastern Kansas, and south to Alabama and Texas. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Birds have to change their diets from insects to berries, fruit and seeds rich in fats and antioxidants to make it through winter. This tree has white blooms and blackberries. Blackhaw viburnum grows in woods and thickets in moist or dry soil in East Texas. Height - 8 to 10 feet. The berries are edible and often picked and eaten fresh, or used in jams and preserves. Your question might be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who bought this product. After the flowers are fertilized and fade away, black fruits, known as "drupes," form and ripen by fall. Dip pruning shears into a bleach water solution (1:3) to minimize transferring tree diseases from one tree to the next. Also called the Black Haw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Sweet Haw, and Stag Bush. Blackhaw grows to 12 to 15 feet high and 8 to12 feet wide. The best limbs to remove are ones that rub together and cause abrasions that can make the tree vulnerable to insect damage. Blackhaw. Blackhaw Viburnum is an American spcies, a deciduous shrub which reaches 15 feet high producing a cluster of white flowers, serrated oval leaves and blue-black berries. Start looking for the white clusters of blooms from mid-April to mid-May. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. In autumn, its leaves turn a vibrant red. Viburnum prunifolium. Viburnum acerifolium. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Blackhaw Viburnum is a large shrub or small tree with clusters of creamy white flowers followed by pink-rose berries, which birds love to eat. Tall hedge or screen. Growth Rate This shrub grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. The berry itself is about 3/8 inch (10 mm) long by ¼ inch (7 mm) wide, but the seed inside is only slightly smaller than the fruit but is very flat—only 3/32 inch (2 mm) thick. Fast grower to 10-15 ft. tall and 6-10 ft. wide. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . Blackhaw tree facts suggest that this “tree” grows naturally as a large shrub, since Blackhaw viburnum trees (Viburnum prunifolium) don’t generally grow taller than 15 feet high. USDA, NRCS. Black haw, Viburnum prunifolium. That being said, I think species-level ID is a little bit difficult for viburnums. We suggest consulting with a physician before using this or any other herbal supplements. Prune branches back to the base where the branch meets the trunk to minimize future insect damage to the tree. Root Bark. Blackhaw viburnum also has attractive white, lacey blooms in the spring, followed by edible purple berries in the fall. FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flowers form in clusters in mid spring after the leaves start to unfold. It is slow growing, so requires a little patience, but it is a beautiful understory tree that can handle sun or shade and should be used a lot more in landscapes. Its distinctive bronze-green foliage on reddish purple stems turns blue-black in the fall. North America. For more information, see References & Citations, © 2020 Wildfoods 4 Wildlife - Website by Clayton Hamshar, Black/blue shiny berries in clusters on red stems and clusters hang downward, berries are green on red stems when immature, Dry berries, not juicy, with a single, large, flat, oval seed. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Fruits and berries can truly be a lifesaver for overwintering birds. Rusty blackhaw viburnum has clusters of white flowers in the spring, blue-black berries in the late summer into fall, sometimes forms thickets but usually appears as single plants. Fruit is red and is native to both Europe and North America. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Clusters of creamy white spring flowers followed by showy berries that ripen to blue-black and often persist through winter adorn this large, upright viburnum. Leaf stems tinged with red. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. The flowers attract bees in the spring and birds love the berries in the fall. All the berries do not ripen exactly at the same time. This page is for reference only. Viburnum prunifolium, commonly called black haw, is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an irregular crown, but it also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. This plant ranges east to Florida and New York and north into Michigan. 2 Viburnum opulus. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Finely textured, glossy dark green foliage turns red and purple in the fall. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. It is a deciduous shrub in USDA zones 3 to 9. Or, cut branches that are overcrowded or hang low to the ground. Bark is gray to brown on outside and reddish brown on inside. American Wildlife and Plants: A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits. I don't have these where I live, but have included a description of them for those that live where they grow. Some bushes can be very heavily laden in some years. What distinguishes the lovely Blackhaw Viburnum? Viburnum Blackhaw Tree Information is Another Unique Edible Plant. Viburnum edule. They're edible for both humans and wildlife. Retrieved: Reader supplies the date, from http://wildfoods4wildlife.com. Is this a good enrichment item? Southern Black Haw; Southern Blackhaw Viburnum; Phonetic Spelling vih-BUR-num roo-FEE-duh-lum Description. Planting Blackhaw Viburnum Trees. It features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called "cymes" that bloom in the spring. Underside, blackhaw leaf. (Accessed November 2015). Virginia Botanical Associates. Viburnum Prunifolium, a member of the Adoxaceae family, is particularly hardy and grows in a variety of locations, climates, and soil types. Viburnum Lantana, Linné, of Europe, has properties analogous to those of our V. Opulus. Scott, M. (2013). Spread berries in a single layer on a cookie sheet and place in freezer for 1 day. Rusty Blackhaw grows from east to central Texas along streams or woodland edges, and can be a small 30 foot tree or a 10 foot shrub, depending on its environment. Black Haw. Mammals that relish the berries include deer, rabbits, chipmunks, squirrels, skunks, and mice. Autumn color can be a rich red or bronze infused with crimson. If you are looking for a plant to purchase, please use our Plant Finder to discover the perfect plant for your garden. Rusty blackhaw is not widely available in the nursery trade at this time, but extremely adaptable and hardy. Tolerates drought, once established. Small trees cannot tolerate very much cutting and survive. Blackhaw Viburnum is an American spcies, a deciduous shrub which reaches 15 feet high producing a cluster of white flowers, serrated oval leaves and blue-black berries. It produces white flowers and black berries. Blackhaw viburnum thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, meaning that it can be grown in most parts of the U.S. It’s widely available at nurseries and garden centers. Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium is a deciduous large shrub or small tree with distinctive bronzed green leaves on reddish purple stems turning blue black in autumn. Blackhaw viburnum is a large shrub or small tree that has smaller leaves and brighter fall color with oranges, yellows and reds. It is ideal to use this fruit fresh, if at all possible.For a fruit, they freeze somewhat well and are not as mushy as most fruits upon thawing due to their lower moisture content. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. Cloud, MN. Clinical Overview Use. Blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Sweet Haw, Stag Bush, American Sloe. Also called the Black Haw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Sweet Haw, and Stag Bush. Scientific Name(s): Viburnum prunifolium L. Common Name(s): Black haw, Blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush, Sweet-haw Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Shrub borders. More than one shrub is needed for good berry production. J. Growth. Flowers. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium). Finely textured, glossy dark green foliage turns red and purple in the fall. Many animals use this shrub for cover. Blackhaw viburnum thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, meaning that it can be grown in most parts of the U.S. It’s widely available at nurseries and garden centers. tomentosum) The doublefile viburnum is very attractive looking, and it produces clusters of white blooms that are stunning. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum var. Dwarf Walter’s Viburnum obovatum . The plants, though small, offer a nice mix of blossoms, berries and fall foliage display. Rusty blackhaw tolerates shade and drought. © 2020 MONROVIA NURSERY COMPANY. It’s a good bet that all thrushes will like the berries. The leaves have excellent fall color. Last updated on Apr 21, 2020. Viburnum. Flower Description: Small, 5-petalled white individual flowers with tall yellow anthers, many flowers make up a showy rounded clusters the size of your fist. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. 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